----------Survival Planning &Tips---------- 

Welcome, Aang, Merhaba, Dobro dosli, Quyana tailuten, Velkommen, Kalos orisate, Nakhwal'in shoo ihlii, Komo mai, Bruchim habaim, Suswaagatam, Yak'ei haat yigoode, Nej tuaj los, Qaimarutin, Fáilte, Benvenuti, Irashaimasu, Svaakeatang, Hwangyong-hamnida, Esiet sveicinati, Selamat datang, Haere mai, Á seneo, Enaa neenyo, Witajcie, Bem-vindo, Bienvenue, Dobro pozhalovat', Talofa lava, Dobrodoshli, Welkom, Bienvenidos, Maligayang pagdating, Maeva, Yin dee, Malo e lava mai, Ts!i'ona gi'ot, Hoan nghênh, Isibingelelo. So, let’s look at a minimal preparedness plan that will give you a shot at survival for say three weeks of NO power. If you want to scale this up or down you’ll be able to catch on fast. However, during your planning you should decide beforehand which emphasis you will have in your preparation for emergencies. Some people wish to only plan to help their immediate family while others wish to help anyone in need! In one way you do not share your excitement of planning with certain of your neighbors, if you feel this way, you know who they are, the ones who you may have the impression act irresponsibly or are always borrowing things. Why? You better be ready to set your “emergency dinner table” for these "neighbors" if they catch on! Don't get us wrong, but that mentality is prevalent throughout society, the childrens story about the ant preparing steadily throughout the year while the grasshopper fiddles away the time. OKEY!! First let’s look at WATER. You’ll need at least two gallons per person, per-day at a minimum for drinking, cooking and sanitation. The cheapest way to do this is with tightly covered heavy-duty trash cans. Go to the home supply store and first get the giant “Builders Clean-Up bags” that fit inside the can with plenty of top bag hanging over. Put one bag in each can and fill it up with tap water to about 7 inches below the rim. Pour 1/4 cup of unscented laundry bleach into each filled bag in the can and carefully fold and seal the top and place the lid on the can. You have about 45 gallons of water in each can. Multiply that by what you will need for the number of people in your home. If you have pets, you can add 1/4 to 1/2 gallon more pet-day for each pet. Two-liter pop or juice bottles are also a good option for inexpensive water storage. Be sure to clean them well and store in a cool and dark area. Light and warmth will promote algae and bacteria growth. Over time these water containers can breakdown and leak. It is recommended to not store them next to food or other items that can be damaged by water. Heavy containers should always be stored close to ground level and secured to prevent breakage or possible injury in the event of any earthquake or natural disaster. Be sure to store these water containers away from any harmful chemicals. It is not recommended to use milk jugs. These jugs are biodegradable and can break down within a short period of time. Tips and Suggestions Water can be found during an emergency from several different places around the house including the water heater, ice cubes in freezer, and as a last resort, the reservoir tank in your toilet (not the bowl). Treat water with bleach before you use your water during an emergency. It is recommended to use 4 drops of bleach per quart of water. Rotate your water once a year for freshness. Some people choose April or October as times to rotate, but remember the following statement: “If your water is free of bacteria and if you keep it in clean, tightly closed containers away from sunlight, it will remain safe indefinitely.”(Ensign October 1991, p. 71) Water containers can be stored in many different places such as closets, underneath beds, etc. Hot tubs and swimming pools are possible water sources, although extreme precautioN and education is recommended before using this option. Glass containers are not recommended for water storage because they can easily break during an emergency. Available water filters and purifiers treat from 26 to as much as 60,000 gallons of water. These items are a must have in addition to your portable and stationary water storage to insure water for your family. If space and money is a concern, start small and gradually build your water storage as you build your food storage over the course of the year. To Rotate the containers Every six months, you could be using them a container at a this time until one is empty and re-fill it remembering to add the bleach and start using the next container. When the water is needed you will boil it first before you drink it to be sure. Also, make sure to get plenty of 2 liter or quart size plastic preferably water bottles. Keep them after you drink them and to fill them up again, this time only do it for some of the bottles filling only 7/8 full. Put these into your freezer and keep some of them frozen ahead of an emergency. Remember if the power goes out anything that is perishable will thaw within just a couple days and will have to be used or thrown out without refrigeration. The extra frozen containers will prolong the time a freezer is still effective and the time these perishables last if the containers are moved from the freezer into the regular refrigerator space. Keep the refrigerator door closed as much as possible and plan to remove multiple items at the same time rather than opening the door multiple times. Remember to drink plenty of water, it will also make you feel full and not need to eat as often. Next you will need sanitation materials. With no running water you will be ONLY able to flush the toilet one time. Get heavy trash bags that will fit down inside the toilet bowl and the top will fold over the outside of the bowl toward the floor. The seat then folds over this. Have a supply of bleach water in the bathroom made from one part laundry bleach to five parts water. This can be kept in a plastic 1 gallon pail. Add some of this when needed to handle scent as the bag fills up. Some folks double-bag to be sure for easy removal. When the bags are 1/2 full you can tie them off and put them in the back yard where you can dig holes to dispose of them. You can also get a sturdy 5 gallon plastic pail for a toilet, that you can do the same thing with by just adding a seat, sort of a portable outhouse. Great backup idea if you must go mobile. A bathing solution can be made of one part rubbing alcohol to ten parts of water and sloshed on the body with washcloths and rinse with clean water. Here's where another 1 gallon pail comes in handy. Have plenty of generic mouth wash and also body rinse like “Sea Breeze”, Witch Hazel or a generic brand in your cabinet. Plan on one bottle per week per person of each. Don’t forget your medications. Ask you doctor for an extra prescription for emergencies. He or she will gladly do it and they understand and may hand you some free samples. Also don’t be afraid to ask for freebies including some antibiotics or other stuff they might hand out to you. Tell them you plan to go camping for a month. Next is communication. A CB Radio mounted in your vehicle, a walkie-talkie radio with extra batteries, at least one or two small battery or crank type radios, and or a multienergy source radio like our Freeplay Plus Radio. Store the smaller radios in clean cookie tins with the batteries separate so you put the batteries in the radio only when you need to use them. Have several sets of batteries kept sealed in their packages. Also put a station tuning guide, long wire antenna, etc., in the kit. The tin protects the radio from the elements and also any potential “impulse blast” from electrical storm, solar flare or terrorist E-bomb. I suggest having at least two radios and one of them should have alternate systems of power such as crank generators, solar cells that charge batteries and so forth. Our website will have these as time goes on. Pocket cell phones are also handy, as long as you have power to charge them. An adaptor for your vehicle should be acquired. Your main phone system may last two weeks. After that you will be totally on your own except for listening to a radio, having two way communication on a limited range CB radio or other longer distance communication like a Ham Radio. We encourage you to keep your communication means as available as you are able. Remember that the cell towers may go dark after one week or more with them running on generator backup. If you are fortunate enough to have a generator for power, that also means you need extra fuel to keep everything running. Fuel gets scarce fast, usually within three days stations are sold out, even if they have power or generator backup. So transportation should be rationed. Unless you have to go to a sensitive necessary emergency job, hole up at your home. If you must move about do it on a big tired bicycle pulling a childrens trailer or wagon. This can still keep you mobile after a disaster, just be careful around downed power lines and watch out for people still driving around looking for open gas stations. FOOD - A Wise Investment Food storage becomes a wise investment in future stability and an even wiser investment if you practice storing what you use and using what you store. Making food storage a life-style food storage, rather than a make-do food storage will help you maintain your investment. A food storage that matches your family’s lifestyle, it is more likely stored foods will be used. Using and rotating your food storage on a regular basis maintains the original investment and prevents it from being wasted. The Basics Always start with storing the basics. Grains, legumes, dehydrated milk, sugar, salt, oil, and garden seeds have come to be known as the "basics." Do not underestimate the power these foods have, as they have been shown throughout history to sustain life. It is important to know how to prepare and use the basics, especially ways that your family will enjoy. If you are familiar with the food you have stored, you will be better prepared to use it during times of emergency. Confidence and Security Having your food storage can help you have a greater degree of confidence and security. It is important to do your best to prepare your family to be able to eat no matter what happens to the national economy or your job in particular. This confidence in times of crisis can be a most precious commodity. An adequate food supply for your family is a major part of economic security, and possibly the key to survival. Self-Reliance and Interdependence Food storage helps you become self-reliant as in the case of the first three days of an emergency or providing for your family when you lose your employment. It also helps you to be interdependent with others as you share during a crisis. Communities weather storms best when they share and work together. With food storage you are better prepared to endure times of adversity without becoming dependent upon the government. Your family’s way of life may be preserved with proper preparation. Self-reliance is often contingent upon a willingness to work. Work can become a source of happiness, and self-esteem, as well as prosperity. Storing, using and knowing how to produce and prepare food and other items that are essential for life create security and stability for you and your family. If a disaster does occur, and you were forced to temporarily change your normal life style, you could do so with minimum discomfort. Relief Organizations Some people are apathetic about preparedness, often because they aren’t sure what to do or where to begin. They may become overwhelmed at the prospect of a crisis and the responsibility of self-reliance and become discouraged before they begin. Others are frustrated by contradictory advice, not sure whose ideas to follow. Still others do nothing, figuring that if trouble comes, an emergency disaster organization will rush to their rescue. A common misconception that can be refuted is that the government will immediately come to the rescue. Federal and state organizations perform marvelous service, but when a large population is relying solely upon them, it is virtually impossible to provide for specific or individual needs of everyone. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) advises, "If a disaster threatens your community, local government and disaster-relief organizations will try to help you. But you need to be prepared as well. Local officials may be overwhelmed after a major disaster, and emergency response personnel may not be able to reach you right away. What you do to prepare can make a difference." Most local relief organizations will take approximately three days (72 hours) to get back on their feet to be able to help you. An emergency kit is a big step in the right direction. Doing your part by having food, water, and supplies for three days will help alleviate the pressure on relief agencies as well as minimize your own discomfort. Preparedness is everyone's job. Not just government agencies, but all sectors of society--service providers, businesses, civic and volunteer groups, industry associations and neighborhood associations, as well as every individual citizen-- should plan ahead for disasters. Being prepared for the unexpected is wise. It provides confidence knowing your family is better prepared to be safe and secure. Families who are prepared can reduce fear, inconvenience, and losses that surround a family crisis or a natural disaster. So when it comes to economical acquisition of Food: Get two manual can openers. Then buy plenty of oatmeal, and canned food that’s ready to eat from the can with heating. You can get Dinty Moore products and others. Soups, Chili, Chicken and Dumplings, Stews, etc. , are all in cans. Get plenty for each person for at least one month. Don’t worry as you can eat the food and it’s like money in the bank. Just buy a few cans every week so that nobody at the store notices. Cookies and saltine crackers are also great only if you can store them in cans, jars or plastic containers with airtight lids. Cooking: A double burner Coleman propane camp stove is the best with plenty of propane cylinders. Ask the nice person in the Sporting Goods section how much propane you’ll need for a month or two. Also check out the Coleman “Lamp Tree” that goes to a large propane tank like used for an outdoor gas grill that then goes straight up to a double mantle lamphead and a hose runs to the grill. Such a setup will handle cooking and light for about a week. Get extra big tanks and spare mantles. At the least get a single burner stove with plenty of tanks. Light: Our solar panel kits and lighting kits are great, but at least be sure to have enough batteries and lights for two weeks. With a solar panel and battery or a rechargeable solar lantern you’ll be a lot safer. See our other survival tips for ideas. Long Term: You need Blankets, sleeping bags, a small tent which can be setup inside the house if it’s wet or cold outside and you can’t run the heat, appropriate weather coats, and perhaps a weapon. You need to survey your situation on all of this.

The FEMA  list is attached to ponder. 
Remember that this is only a start to get you thinking. We have more suggestions on this 
subject and also on how to live “off the grid” without power. 

Again I will mention, that you should keep your preparations quiet. Initially, I 
suggest spending the first couple days actually putting into place your plan.  In this 
way you can also find out which of you neighbors have prepared or left the neighborhood.  
Those not prepared probably will be searching for somewhere else to go or someone to 
help them.  I know that sounds harsh! However, we know that we all will help those 
who are willing to help themselves and not just be someone who doesn't contribute. So,
Once you start your little home generator to keep the refrigerator cold the entire 
neighborhood will know that!  They also know that where there is a generator there 
probably is more supplies. There are those who take what they don't have, Katrina 
showed how looters did just that. That’s why we like silent preparation and solar panels 
when it’s possible. Also think about getting black construction paper and masking tape 
to cover the windows especially toward the street and sides so that when you run lights 
at night that others don’t see them.  This is if your object is to first help your 
family get through this and next to help your neighbors.  If community preparation is 
your intent, then plan on getting enough supplies for as many of your neighbors as 
possible.  Perhaps banding together to share together what you have will enable 
everyone to look out for each other.  This decision may involve plans that involve 
desperate situations where you have to rely on each other for the well being and 
safety of everyone.  Just make sure that everyone contibutes, even with just labor. 
because next time, fewer neighbors will contribute and more will rely on your generosity.  

First Aid Supplies - Kit 
Imagine for just one moment that a major hurricane just leveled a nearby town. Because 
you live in a neighboring city or town you also feel the hurricane quite strongly. 
You weren't expecting it to be so close and the first thing that comes to mind is the 
safety of your family. You dash underneath a large table and hope that the table will not collapse 
from the falling debris. After the winds subside, you call out for your kids and are 
thankful that everyone is responding. But as you walk through to check up on everyone, 
you notice that your home is absolutely ruined. What do you do next? You're trapped in 
your home and have no communication between you and the outside world. The hurricane 
is so destructive that authorities and relief agencies will take approximately 72 hours 
to reach you and provide your family with any necessary aid. Now you discover that your 
smallest child is dizzy from a nearby gas fire and looses consciousness and has 
experienced some severe major cuts and bruises. What do you do now?

Although, this scenario is unpleasant to think about, we need to realize that 
emergencies are real! Whether an injury occurs during a major emergency or on a camping 
trip, the urgency is the same. Infections or loss of blood can be serious and perhaps 
even fatal. That is why it is important to have emergency supplies, particularly first 
aid items on hand to provide relief for your own family. Here are some Hurricane safety
Tips to profit by!
Over the years, we have received calls from hundreds of people asking questions regarding 
emergency first aid. Here are some commonly asked questions that can help you eliminate 
unneeded stress or injury--before an emergency actually occurs!

Where do I start? What first aid items will I need?
You can get a good head start by purchasing a preassembled first aid kit. You will find 
that most preassembled kits have been put together through much feedback given by those 
who have experienced injury during a crisis. Some basic first aid essentials include 
gauze, tape, adhesive strips, scissors, antibiotic ointment, bandages, burn treatment 
bandages or lotions, rash or itching creams, thermometer, arm splint, tweezers, safety 
pins, pain reliever, prescription medications, antiseptic towelettes, ammonia inhalant, 
instant ice packs, sponges, eye washes, rubbing alcohol, etc. Although pre-assembled 
kits contain the most common items needed during emergencies, it is important to gather 
items that fit your particular needs. Prescriptions such as medications for asthma, 
diabetes, high blood pressure, depression etc. are crucial for first aid kits. Also be 
sure to include special items needed by small children or the elderly.

Kits come in all sizes and range from just basic items to professional surgical kits. 
First, determine what items you will need the most and how much you will need for each 
item. For example, families with small children will probably need extra bandages and 
items for scrapes and cuts. Or, you can specialize a first aid kit to meet a particular 
need or situation (ie. auto first aid kit, camping kit, home first aid, business first 
aid, etc.) Second, you should purchase a kit that contains items that best suit your 
needs. It is useless to have a professional kit that contains items you do not know how 
to use, or to have a kit that is to basic to treat emergency needs.

Where is the best place to store my first aid kit? 
You should keep a portable first aid kit in your 72-hour kit. You will find that if all 
items are kept in an easy-to-access, convenient part of your home or automobile, you can 
grab your essentials without having to scramble to find your emergency essentials. A 
common mistake is to overload your first aid or 72 hour kit. Remember that your kits 
should be lightweight and easy to carry. In order to survive most natural disasters, you 
are required to act quickly, so first aid items, along with other emergency items, 
should be kept in a compact, lightweight compartment such as a duffel bag, back pack, or 
carrying case. Do not keep your kits in a hard to reach place such as an attic or 
storage closets.

What if I can't afford to buy a comprehensive first aid kit?
Keep in mind that a first aid kit is an investment like an insurance policy. Some people 
may prefer to purchase a portable stereo or a new outfit over a first aid or 72 hour kit. 
But, those who have lived through an emergency either regret not having had the needed 
supplies or are relieved that they planned ahead and invested wisely. If budget is a 
concern, start small. Start with the most important items such as bandages and pain 
relievers first. Then, as your budget permits, start adding to the items you already 

Basically, remember that first aid items can help save lives during a crisis. It is 
easier to invest the time and money in first aid supplies once you understand what a 
difference this kind of preparation can make during an emergency. Once you have 
purchased supplies, begin learning more about first aid relief and learn how to 
properly use your supplies (especially first aid kits that have surgical supplies or 
other items that may be difficult to use without prior knowledge and practice). By 
combining knowledge with the appropriate supplies, you can make a difference and help 
save lives during an emergency. But this can only happen if you put first aid first. 

Survival Kit Preparation

The environment is the key to the types of items you will need in your survival kit. 
How much equipment you put in your kit depends on how you will carry the kit. 
A kit carried on your body will have to be smaller than one carried in a vehicle.
For average persons' purposes, a personal back pack should be created for every
person in your family or business.  Sounds extravagant? Not when you need it! 
Remember you might not be home when something happens or you as a key member 
of your family might not be able to get to your other family members to help them.
Never-the-less, your personal pre-stocked survival kit should be quickly accessible 
to you at all times.  If you drive to work, have it available to you stowed in your 
vehicle at all times.  If you are at home, have it located near your most likely exit 
from your home.  This is so that if you must leave your home it is immediately 
available although your vehicle might not be.  Once you stock the most important 
necessities in your personal survival kit, you can expand into other less important 
items and place them in your home or vehicle, items more bulky and heavy. This 
concept is called layering your survival kits, keeping the most important items on 
your body.  For example, always have access to a map of the area you are or wiil be 
in and a compass.  Then have access to other less important items either in your 
vehicle or at home.  If you decide to carry these other items, be sure that you can 
easily carry them either on or in your personal back pack.  These other items should 
be pre-decided upon whether you can carry them or not should you be forced to become 
mobile, such as impractical heavy items such as generators, 

In preparing your survival kit, select items you can use for more than one purpose. 
If you have two items that will serve the same function, pick the one you can use 
for another function. Do not duplicate items, as this increases your kit's size and 

Your survival kit need not be elaborate. You need only functional items that will meet 
your needs and a case to hold the items. For the case, you might want to use a 
Band-Aid box, a first aid case, an ammunition pouch, or another suitable case, like
a rucksack or backpack.
This case should be--

    * Water repellent or waterproof.

    * Easy to carry or attach to your body.

    * Suitable to accept varisized components.

    * Durable. 

In your survival kit, you should have--

    * First aid items.

    * Water purification tablets or drops.

    * Fire starting equipment.

    * Signaling items.

    * Food procurement items.

    * Shelter items. 

Some examples of these items are--

    * Lighter, metal match, waterproof matches.

    * Snare wire.

    * Signaling mirror.

    * Wrist compass.

    * Fish and snare line.

    * Fishhooks.

    * Candles.

    * Small hand lens (magnifying glass)

    * Oxytetracycline tablets (diarrhea or infection).

    * Water purification tablets.

    * Solar blankets.

    * Surgical blades.

    * Butterfly sutures.

    * Collapsible Container for water storage.

    * A small metal container to cook in

    * Chap Stick.

    * Needle and thread.

    * Knife. 

    * Minimum amount of food - ie emergency MREs or energy bars

Include a weapon only if the situation so dictates. When you get your Emergency 
Survival Manual, Read It and even try to practice the survival techniques in the 
manual. Although you might be tempted not to get one, at the very least carry 
the manual with you, your life may depend upon the knowledge in it.  Consider 
your situation and what kind of environment you will be in.  By all means 
prepare as best as you can for the worst case scenario and then prepare your 
survival kit.

Recommended Checklist
There are many types of disasters: floods, fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, 
tornadoes, and terrorist attacks just to name a few. Government and Relief 
Organizations estimate that after a major disaster, it could take up to 
three days for Relief Organizations to be up and running and stocked with 
the adequate supplies to help people. In such cases, a 72 Hour Kit for each 
individual in your family could mean the difference between a traumatic life 
and death experience and one that feels more like a family campout. The 
following checklist can help you and your family plan and prepare more 

•Minimum of 3600 calories of food per person
•Minimum of 9 water pouches of water per person (2 gallons per day)
•Method of water purification (such as potable aqua or a water filter)
•Additional food & water 

•AM/FM Radio with batteries or alternate power source
•Whistle with lanyard
•Cell Phone 

•Flashlight with batteries
•Lantern and fuel
•Road Flare(s) 

•Personal Hygiene Kit (Include soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, 
comb, sanitary napkins, diapers, razor, and other toiletry items)
•Toilet paper
•Portable Toilet and accessories 

•50 Feet of Nylon Rope
•Pocket Knife
•Rolls of Duct Tape
•Foldable Shovel
•Hatchet or axe
•Sewing Kit 

•Waterproof matches
•Alternate fire-starting method
•Solar Emergency Blanket or Emergency Sleeping Bag
•Hand & Body Warmers
•Lightweight Stove & Fuel
•Wool Blanket 

•First Aid Kit and supplies
•First Aid Booklet/Manual
•Burn gel and dressing
•Snake bite kit
•Insect repellent
•Sun block
•Special medication
•At least $100 in your kit -- be sure to include quarters for phone calls 


•Emergency Instructions

•Copies of documents such as birth certificates, marriage licenses, wills, 
insurance forms, phone numbers, credit card infor, etc. 

•Games, books, hard candy, desserts, inspirational reading, small toys, 
paper & pen, favorite security item for children 

•A complete outfit of appropriate durable clothing; including extra socks, 
underwear, hat, sturdy shoes, and gloves.

Get Prepared Today! 
FEMA and the Red Cross recommend having disaster supplies for at least 
the first 72 hours of an emergency. We offer basic food & water kits to 
comprehensive survival kits for the home, office, school or car. Each 
kit has a 5-year shelf life. Prepare today for the tomorrow's emergencies. 
Being prepared gives you peace of mind now and security during an emergency.

Emergency Food & Water 
Always have enough food & water for each person stored in your 72 hour kit 
or to shelter in place. Check out Freeze Dried food. It provides the 
same nutrition as fresh food and stores in the #10 cans for 30 years! 
Just add water and you have great tasting meals like lasagna, 
beef stroganoff or teriyaki chicken. MRE's are also a tasty alternative 
with many choices of entrees and full meals and can store up to 10 years! 
High Energy food bars are non-thirst invoking and lightweight. Water 
pouches contain purified, ready to drink water in a high impact foil sachet.
Communication in a Disaster Situation
Communicating during an emergency situation can bring comfort as well as 
save lives. We can never know where we or our loved ones may be when a 
disaster occurs. Most often we are scattered in many locations. If that 
is the case, communication becomes even more critical. 

Here are some helpful tips:

1. Set up your communication plan in advance. You must sit down and discuss 
your plan with all of those involved. This is especially important for 
children to help reduce fear and anxiety for them.

2. Establish a meeting place. This is a safe location where family members 
can gather in case of emergency. It may be your     home, a school, church 
or other safe location. You may want to establish a priority list: first 
we meet at home, if that is not safe, we go to another location, and so on.

3. Establish an out of state contact. Generally, this is an out of state 
family member or friend that everyone can contact if you are scattered and 
unable to gather. This person would generally be removed from the disaster 
situation. You may also want to establish a local message center or person 
where you can contact them locally if possible.

4. Carry information cards. It is important that each family member have a 
small card that has the contact information for the both the local and out 
of state contact. You may also right down the meeting place location to 
help people remember. You may want to consider sharing this information 
with a child’s teacher.

5. Phone Cards. It is a good idea to make sure each person has a calling 
card with enough time and minutes to call from a pay phone to their out 
of state contact.

6. Battery powered or Handcrank radio. You should have in your 72 hour 
supplies a radio that will allow you to hear news and important updates 
from local officials. Remember to keep a fresh supply of batteries with 
your radio. It is also a good idea to keep on hand a handcrank radio that 
does not require batteries. That way you don’t have to worry about 
replacing and keeping batteries on hand.

7. Review and update information. As is the case with your 72 hour kits, 
you should review this information annually to make sure everyone knows 
what to do and that the information is accurate.
Communicating During and After a Disaster 

Even though we cannot predict or prevent earthquakes, floods, tornadoes, 
or other natural cataclysmic events, we can prepare our families to cope 
and survive as optimally as possible. Learning what communication options 
are available during and after a disaster will bring confidence that you 
can better protect you and your loved ones. Establish a “meeting place” 
where family members can gather in the event of an emergency. You may 
want to select a local school or church. In the case that it is not 
possible to gather, having a common message center is vital. 

One of the most important keys to receiving and sending information to 
family members who may be in various places when a disaster occurs is 
through an out-of-state contact. This is a friend or relative designated 
to handle messages should you not be able to call or locate your local 
family members. While most local private phone lines may be out of order 
for hours after a disaster strikes, pay phones are usually operable much 
sooner. The out-of-state contact can receive and relay messages from 
family members so you will know they are safe. 

Tips for Communication 

Establish in advance who your out-of-state contact will be. Everyone 
should carry with them a card with the out-of-state contact's name, 
address, and day and evening phone numbers. Let your children's teachers 
know who the out-of-state contact is for your family. That way, if your 
children are at school and you cannot pick them up, school representatives 
will know whom to relay a message concerning where your children will be 
taken. Each family member should carry a phone card or enough change for 
several phone calls. One woman whose family lives in California has 
designated her sister who is a stay-at-home mom in Michigan as the 
out-of-state contact. Family members carry laminated cards in their 
wallets with the following information: (a) emergency meeting place with 
the address (outside the home); (b) alternate meeting place and address 
(outside the neighborhood); and (c) name and day and evening phone numbers 
of out-of-state contact. 

It may be helpful to find out in advance if you have a ham radio operator 
in your area. They are very helpful and can deliver messages from both 
private and community sources during and after a disaster. If a pay 
telephone isn't readily available, and your out-of-state contact is 
several states away, you can communicate via this type of relay system. 
Your local ham can contact another ham that will contact another ham, and 
so on, until they find one within your out-of-state contact's area. The 
ham operator closest to your contact can then phone the contact and 
deliver any messages. 

A battery-powered or hand crank radio is helpful in monitoring the status 
of the disaster. Be sure and keep a fresh supply of batteries on hand. 
Check expiration dates on the batteries and rotate them regularly. Do 
not keep batteries inside the radio because they expire more quickly 
and may leak. 

When charged, most cell phones are able to call 9-1-1 even when they 
are not active. It is wise to have a cell phone (even not activated) 
when traveling or for emergency use. 

Kits containing supplies and food to cover a minimum of 72 hours are 
essential because local and national relief agencies may take three days 
or longer to get services up and running. It is especially important to 
have at the very least one gallon of water per person per day. 

Remember that preparation brings confidence. When planning for an 
emergency, don’t forget that communication with your family members will 
be especially important. The tips provided in this article will assist 
you in creating a plan to contact loved ones during unexpected events. 

Emergency events such as severe weather, natural disasters, fires, civil 
emergencies, war acts, toxic chemical spills, radiation leaks, or other 
such conditions can be devastating to unprepared individuals. With 
weather-related emergencies, authorities such as the National Weather 
Service (NWS) and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA) are generally able to detect severe weather 
conditions prior to the general public. Through the use of modern 
weather detection devices, such as Doppler radar and weather satellites, 
the NWS and NOAA are able to issue early warnings of severe weather 
conditions which have saved many lives. However, for such warnings to 
be effective, they must be communicated to their intended recipients. 
designated NWS frequencies: 162.400 MHz, 162.425 MHz, 162.450 MHz, 
162.475 MHz, 162.500 MHz, 162.525 MHz and 162.550 MHz. 
the user may designate that events such as civil emergencies, 
radiological hazard warnings, and/or tornado warnings activate the 
emergency alert function, but that events such as a thunderstorm 
watch does not, etc. The user may also select whether the conventional 
warning audio tone provided by the NWS and/or other alert mechanism 
activates the emergency alert function. According to the present 
invention, different severity or alert levels (e.g., statement, watch, 
warning, etc.) may represent different "events." For example, a 
thunderstorm watch may be considered a different event from a 
thunderstorm warning. These emergency events may be represented by 
event codes. 

ShortWave Frequencies
Here is a list of shortwave frequencies;
Tip: Listen to Asia and Australia in the morning. Listen to Europe at night.
Country: 	Frequencies:
ALASKA 	        9655 9755 11765 11870
ALBANIA 	6115 7130 7160 7210 9520
ARGENTINA 	6990 11710 15345
ARMENIA 	9960 15270
AUSTRALIA 	5995 6020 6080 7240 9580 9590 11880 12080 13630 15160 
                15230 15240 15415 15515 17750 17795 21725 21740
AUSTRIA 	7325 9870 13730 13775
BANGLADESH 	7184 9550 15520
BELARUS 	5970 7105 7210
BELGIUM 	5985 9925 9940 11630 11635
BULGARIA 	5800 7500 9500 9700 11500 11600 11700 13600 15700
CANADA RCI 	5960 9515 9755 11690 11990 13655 13700 13710 13730 13785 
                15255 17765 17800 17870
CHINA 	        5960 5990 6040 6090 6145 7405 9560 9570 9580 9605 9650 
                9690 9755 9790 13680 13740 15260
CROATIA 	9830 9925 12110
CUBA 	        6000 6180 9505 9550 9600 9655 9820 11760
CZECH REP 	5930 6200 7345 9415 9440 9870 9880 11600 13580 15600 
                17485 21745
DENMARK 	5815 15810
ECUADOR 	12005 21455
EGYPT 	        9855 9990 11725 11855 15375
ERITREA 	21550 21790
ETHIOPIA 	7110 71665 9560v
FRANCE 	        9805 11610 11615 11725 11850 11995 15160 15605 17515 
                17605 17620 17800 17815 25820
GEORGIA 	11760 11805v 11910
GERMANY 	6140 7170 7225 9440 9630 9700 9825 11865 11945 12045 
                13590 13820 15025 15275 15410 17595 17770 17860
GAHNA 	        3366 4915
GREECE    	9690 12105 15630 15650 17565 17705
GUYANA 	        3291v 5950
HUNGARY 	6025 9590 9790 11720 11830
INDIA 	        7255 7410 9445 9690 9705 9820 9910 9950 11620 11645 11715 
                11740 11935 13605 13695 13710 15020 15075 15155 15260 15140 
                17510 17670 17800 17895
INDONESIA 	9525 11785 15150
IRAN 	        7635 9800 11650 11750 15600 17660
ISRAEL 	        9345 11590 11605 15615 15640 17535 17600
ITALY 	        5970 6110 6185 7235 9605 9875 11800 11880 11895
JAPAN    	6110 6120 6145 9505 9535 9695 11730 11855 13630 13650 15195 
                15355 17685 17810 17825 17835 17845 17870 21610 21670
JORDAN 	        11690
KOREA, N 	6520 6575 9335 9640 9850 9975 11335 11710 11735 11845 13650 
                13760 15180 15230 17735
KOREA, S 	9560 9570 9650 9700 9870 11810 13670 15575
LAOS 	        7145
LATVIA 	        9290
LIBIA 	        15435 17725
LITHUANIA 	7325 9710 9875 11690
MALAYSIA 	7295 9750 15295
MEXICO 	        6185
MONGOLIA 	12015 12085
NEPAL 	        5005
NETHERLANDS     6165 6870 9590 9785 9845 9890 9895 11655 11675 11835 12065 
                12075 13710 13820 15315 15725 17660 17735 17810
NEW ZEALAND     6095 9845 9885 11725 11820 15720 17675
NIGERIA 	3326 7255 7380 9690 11770 15120 17800
OMAN 	        15140 15355
PAKISTAN 	9340 11565 11570 11850 15070 15100 15725 17835 21465
PHILIPPINES 	11885 15120 15270
POLAND 	        9525 11820
ROMANIA 	7280 7285 9590 9645 9690 9725 11750 11820 11830 11940 15105 
                15140 15150 15245 15285 15380 15430 17760 17860
RUSSIA 	        7180 7330 9480 9665 9820 9860 9880 9890 11500 11630 11675 
                11825 11980 12055 12070 15455 15595 15780 17660 21790
SERBIA/MONTENEGRO7115 7130 7230 9580
SINGAPORE 	6080 6150
SLOVAKIA 	5930 9440 15460
SOLOMON ILS.    5020
S AFRICA 	3345 6160 7210 9770 11825 15215 15265 17770
SPAIN 	        6055 9590 9640 15290 15385
SRI LANKA 	9770 15745v
SUDAN 	        4750 9310 11665 12060 15320 17630 17660
SWEDEN 	        6010 6065 9435 9880 13580 15240 15735
SYRIA 	        12085 13610
TAIWAN 	        5950 7130 7445 9680 11550 15215 15265 15600
THAILAND 	5890 9570 9680 9830 9855 21795
TIBET 	        4905 5240 6130 9490
TURKEY 	        6140 7170 7270 9785 9830 15225 15535
TURKMENISTAN    4930 5015
UGANDA 	        17870
UKRAINE 	5910 7420 7545 9810 15415
UAE (United Arab Emirates)12005 13630 13675 15370 15395 15400 15435 
                17830 21605v 21700
UK 	        5975 6005 6135 6195 7120 7160 9410 9525 9740 9825 11675 
                11680 11750 11765 11835 11955 12035 12095 15190 15280 
                15310 15360 15390 15400 15420 15485 15565 15575 17640 
                17760 17790 17830 17835 21470 21660
USA AFTRTS 	5765-USB 6350-USB 7507-USB 7590-USB 9980-USB 1032-USB 
                12133-USB 13362-USB
USA VOA 	4950 4960 6035 6040 6080 6095 6160 6180 7105 7125 7290 
                7340 7405 9530 9575 9645 9700 9760 9770 9775 9850 9885 
                11835 11855 11870 11965 11975 12080 13670 13740 15160 
                15185 15205 15225 15240 15255 15290 15305 15410 15425 
                15445 15580 17740 17745 17820 17895
USA WCQ 	5105 7145 9330-LSB 17495-USB
USA WEWN 	5825 7520 7580 9955 9975 13615 15685 15745 17595
USA WRMI 	6870 7385 9955 15725
USA WWCR 	3210 5070 9475 9985 12160 15825
UZBEKISTAN 	5060 5975 6025 7285 9540 9545 9715 11905 15295 17775
VATICAN 	4005 5890 7250 7305 9605 9660 11625 13765 15570 17515
VIETNAM 	6175 7285 9725 9840 11630 12020 13740
WALES 	        7325 9795 17745
YEMEN 	        9780v
ZAMBIA   	4910 6165  

Car Emergency Kits, Auto Preparedness and Safety

The following is a recommendation of items to put into an emergency car kit: 
Water for drinking and cooking Food and snacks (compressed high energy snack 
bars are excellent because of their ability to withstand most car temperatures) 
Flashlight with extra batteries. (batteries last longer in LED flashlights) 
First aid kit with burn care dressings and gel Sanitation and sundry items 
including soap (hand sanitizer is a great idea because it does not require 
any water)
Maps and compass 
AM/FM radio. We recommend having a radio with more than one source of power 
Chemical lightsticks are recommended because of their safety 
Road flares can be used but are not as safe as the lightsticks 
Candle with windproof/waterproof matches (remember, in some cases it is not 
wise to light a match in case of a gas leak) 
Emergency blanket or bag Extra clothing 
Other useful items to have in your auto emergency kit: 
Jumper cables 
Car repair kit 
Flat Tire Fixer 

Try to always maintain at least one-half tank of gas 
Cell phone to report any emergencies (many disconnected cell phones may 
still be able to call “911” when charged) 
Emergency Cell phone charger 
Fire extinguisher 
Paper and pencil for leaving notes or recording any thoughts 
Toys and other special consideration items for children 
Books and games for entertainment 
Short rubber hose for siphoning

There are many ways to customize your emergency roadside kit. It is also 
important to consider special needs such as those with diabetes or 
hypoglycemia, babies, elderly, and people with allergies or chronic illness. 
For a person with diabetes, remember to have extra insulin on hand. For a 
person with hypoglycemia, store high energy snacks in addition to their 
ration of food. For babies, store extra diapers, formula, blankets, and 

If you have no way of calling for help, tie a bright red piece of cloth on 
your antenna. This is generally recognized as a call for assistance. 
Remember to always let someone know what time you left and what time you 
expect to arrive at your destination. 

By taking these precautions, and having your car emergency kits onboard, 
you can prepare your family for an emergency and feel more confident in your 
travels. Again, you'll never know when you might need to use your auto 
emergency kit so it is important to have it ready before hand. Once emergency 
strikes the time to prepare your emergency roadside kit has passed. 

Plans to get fully prepared
You know it's important to be prepared, now you need to begin !! 
Stormynites.net has simple plans to help you get FULLY PREPARED. Just pick 
the plan that best fits your needs and budget and we'll take care of the rest! 
Whether you want a monthly preparedness plan, or you want to get ready all at 
once, we have a plan that will work for you!
We can design and build custom kits for home, business, school, church or any 
institutional use. We understand different circumstances may require different 
products. Let us build you the perfect kit. 
If you want to make your home, office, school or any other institution safer, 
provide them with the peace of mind that comes from having emergency supplies 
on hand. We specialize in designing and building custom kits that work in 
every environment.  Let us build you the perfect kit for you. 
Provide the peace of mind for yourself in knowing you have prepared you and 
your family for emergencies today!  By the way, please don't forget your pet!

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